Chris Cummins

PPLS, University of Edinburgh



Griffiths, P., and Cummins, C. (in press). Introduction to English Semantics and Pragmatics (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Cummins, C. (2015). Constraints on Numerical Expressions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journal articles

Katsos, N., Cummins, C., et al. (2016). Cross-linguistic patterns in the acquisition of quantifiers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 113, 9244-9249.

Solt, S., Cummins, C., and Palmović, M. (in press). The preference for approximation. To appear in International Review of Pragmatics.

Rubio-Fernández, P., Geurts, B., and Cummins, C. (2016). Is an apple like a fruit? A study on comparison and categorisation statements. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, doi: 10.1007/s13164-016-0305-4.

Cummins, C. (2016). Contextual causes of implicature failure. Discourse Processes, special issue on Question Under Discussion, doi: 10.1080/0163853X.2016.1142331. Draft ( PDF)

Antoniou, K., Cummins, C., and Katsos, N. (2016). Why only some adults reject under-informative utterances. Journal of Pragmatics, 99: 78-95.

Chemla, E., Cummins, C., and Singh, R. (2016). Training and timing local scalar enrichments under global pragmatic pressures. Journal of Semantics, doi: 10.1093/jos/ffw006.

Cummins, C. (2016). Using triggers without projecting presuppositions. Topoi, 35: 123-131. Draft ( PDF)

Rubio-Fernández, P., Cummins, C., and Tian, Y. (2016). Are single and extended metaphors processed differently? A test of two Relevance Theoretic accounts. Journal of Pragmatics, 94: 15-28. Draft (PDF)

Cummins, C., and Rohde, H. (2015). Evoking context with contrastive stress: effects on pragmatic enrichment. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1779. Available online at

Cummins, C., and De Ruiter, J. P. (2015). Teaching and Learning Guide for Computational approaches to the pragmatics problem. Language and Linguistics Compass, 9(8): 328-331.

Cummins, C. (2014). Typicality made familiar: A commentary on Geurts and van Tiel (2013). Semantics and Pragmatics, 7(8): 1-15. Available online at

Cummins, C., and De Ruiter, J. P. (2014). Computational approaches to the pragmatics problem. Language and Linguistics Compass, 8: 133-143. Draft (PDF)

De Ruiter, J. P. and Cummins, C. (2013). Forward modelling requires intention recognition and non-impoverished predictions. Commentary in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(4): 351.

Cummins, C. (2012). Modelling implicatures from modified numerals. Lingua, 132: 103-114 (special issue on implicatures and discourse structure). Draft (PDF)

Cummins, C., Amaral, P. and Katsos, N. (2012). Experimental investigations of the typology of presupposition triggers. Humana Mente, 23: 1-16. Available online at

Cummins, C., Sauerland, U. and Solt, S. (2012). Granularity and scalar implicature in numerical expressions. Linguistics and Philosophy, 35: 135-169. Available online at

Katsos, N., Andrés Roqueta, C., Estevan, R. A. C. and Cummins, C. (2011). Are children with Specific Language Impairment competent with the pragmatics and logic of quantification? Cognition, 119: 43-57. (PDF)

Cummins, C. and Katsos, N. (2010). Comparative and superlative quantifiers: Pragmatic effects of comparison type. Journal of Semantics, 27: 271-305. (PDF)

Katsos, N. and Cummins, C. (2010). Pragmatics: From theory to experiment and back again. Language and Linguistics Compass, 4/5: 282-295. (PDF)

Katsos, N. and Cummins, C. (2010). Teaching and Learning Guide for Pragmatics: From theory to experiment and back again. Language and Linguistics Compass Teaching and Learning Guide, 3/1: 1-7. (PDF)

Geurts, B., Katsos, N., Cummins, C., Moons, J. and Noordman, L. (2010). Scalar quantifiers: Logic, acquisition, and processing. Language and Cognitive Processes, 25(1): 130-148. Draft available from

Book chapters and conference proceedings

Cummins, C. (in press). Repetition versus implicatures and presuppositions. To appear in U. Freywald and R. Finkbeiner (eds.), Exact Repetition in Grammar and Discourse. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Woensdregt, M., Kirby, S., Cummins, C., and Smith, K. (2016). Modelling the co-development of word learning and perspective-taking. In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman and J. C. Trueswell (eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. 1241-1246.

Post, B., Stamatakis, E., Bohr, I., Nolan, F. and Cummins, C. (2015). Categories and gradience in intonation: an fMRI study. In J. Romero and M. Riera (eds.), The Phonetics-Phonology Interface: Representations and Methodologies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 259-284.

Amaral, P., and Cummins, C. (2015). A cross-linguistic study on information backgrounding and presupposition projection. In F. Schwarz (ed.), Experimental Perspectives on Presuppositions. Springer. 157-172.

Cummins, C. (2014). Numerical expressions, implicatures, and imagined prior context. In V. Rieser and P. Muller (eds.), Proceedings of DialWatt - SemDial 2014. 35-42. (PDF)

Cummins, C. (2013). A speaker-referring OT pragmatics of quantity expressions. In D. Duchier and Y. Parmentier (eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Constraint Solving and Language Processing (CSLP '12), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8114, Berlin: Springer. 52-69. (PDF)

Behnel, M., Cummins, C., Sichelschmidt, L. and De Ruiter, J. P. (2013). Priming and conceptual pacts in overhearers' adoption of referring expressions. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz and I. Wachsmuth (eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. 1869-1874.

Cummins, C., Amaral, P. and Katsos, N. (2013). Backgrounding and accommodation of presuppositions: an experimental approach. In E. Chemla, V. Homer and G. Winterstein (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 17. 201-218.

Cummins, C. and Katsos, N. (2013). Empirical and theoretical evidence for a model of quantifier production. In F. Liedtke and C. Schulze (eds.), Beyond Words: Content, context, and inference. Mouton Series in Pragmatics (MSP). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 253-282. (PDF)

Cummins, C. and Katsos, N. (2012). Modelling context within a constraint-based account of quantifier usage. In R. Finkbeiner, J. Meibauer and P. Schumacher (eds.), What is a Context? Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 229-250. (PDF)

Katsos, N. and Cummins, C. (2012). Scalar implicature: theory, processing and acquisition. Nouveaux Cahiers de Linguistique Française, 30: 39-52.

Katsos, N. et al. (2012). To what extent does the development of conceptual categories depend on language? Proceedings of the 36th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development, Vol. 2, Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press. 258-268.


Cummins, C. (2012). Review of Experimental Pragmatics/Semantics, J. Meibauer and M. Steinbach (eds.). Language, 88: 660-663.